Oscillons
Oscillons have been found to occur when a large number of balls of less than 0.1 millimetres in radius are vibrated in a tray at between 10 and 100 cycles a second.

They have so far been produced using a wide range of materials, particle sizes and frequencies of vibration.

A great deal more information about oscillons will be found through the links under 'oscillons' on the links page.

From the point of view of a mechanism to produce long lived particles from toroidinos, the most important characteristics of oscillons are:

  • they are very stable and long lived, some having been observed to last for millions of cycles;

  • oscillons that are in phase (that is they peak at the same time or trough at the same time) repel each other, but oscillons that are out of phase and close enough to each other, within 1.4 particle diameters or less, attract each other and bind together into a 'molecule'. This binding may lead to more complex molecules and even long chains of oscillons which, under the right conditions, can grow into extended patterns;

  • oscillons pulse up and down in the same way as standing waves in a fluid, such as the waves discussed in the section on lenticular clouds.
In other words, using toroidinos as the raw material (tiny particles) in a rapidly vibrating field, they could behave in the same way as oscillons and form structures that last much longer than the Planck time and reach a size much larger than the Planck length.

Not only that, because these structures attract or repel each other, depending on their relatives phases, they appear to act as charged particles.

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