While many tests need to be carried out and much more work done on how the paradigm of the universe as a process might relate to the strong, electroweak and gravitational forces, as well as to where the cosmic microwave background radiation comes from and the expansion of the universe, it does seem as though the work would be worth doing. After all the big bang paradigm has its own problems. What we are seeing is a process, neither the toroidinos or the toroidino pairs last longer than the Planck time, even the first stage oscillons will last much longer but they are a process as are the subsequent levels of oscillons, up to quarks and other particles, right up to protons, neutrons and electrons. That is, what we know as matter.

In other words we may conclude that we, as well as everything else, are a process.

In fact no universe 'exists' in the normal sense of the word, it is continually being created from nothing in the 'loophole' of the Heisenberg uncertainty principle at sizes smaller than the Planck length and for times shorter that the Planck time.

So, the whole universe and everything in it actually takes place in this uncertainty 'loophole'.

How does this 'loophole' universe fit in with accepted theories?

Since it arises from quantum fluctuations it must fit in with, and perhaps help to explain, some aspects of quantum theories.

It is an attempt to explain the process of the universe at sub-quark level, therefore it should not create any difficulties with the standard model of the universe, which seems to explain things pretty well at and above the quark level.

With respect to the general theory of relativity, it may be possible to explain mass and inertia and the curvature of space-time in terms of the fundamental tension between something and nothing that occurs in the toroidinos.

Mass and inertia a function of the fact that toroidinos are space

Because toroidinos are space and originate from nothing there will be tension between toroidinos and nothing. That is, if something tries to move the toroidino through space, that movement will be resisted by this tension, giving rise to what I will call the viscosity of space.

For this same reason, the more 'massive' something is the more toroidinos it will have to 'hold on' to the surrounding space. That is the viscosity of space will resist the movement of clusters of toroidinos—oscillons, quarks and so on up to larger scales of matter—which may be what creates inertia.

The more massive, the more toroidinos, the greater will be its inertia. Also, because it is this tension that causes space-time to curve around any mass, the mass and inertia will both be directly related to the number of toroidinos contained in the mass.

Back to the beginning of the universe as a process

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